Belajar Bahasa Italia Pemula I

Parlo Italiano

Grammatica I.
Name for differentiate Genere/Gender/sex (Feminine or Masculine)
and Numero (Singular and Plural)


A. In Italian, name of words are feminine or masculine.

1. Masculine usually will be ended with vocal “O” but not always because it can be ended with “E” or “A” (Rare)
Esempio: IL Pranzo (Lunch), IL Vino (The Wine)
IL Cinema (The Cinema), IL Papa, IL Pane
2. Feminine usually will be ended with vocal “A” also sometimes will be ended with “O” (Rare)
Esempio: La Cena ( Dinner), La Acqua (The Water)
La Mano (Hand), La Foto (Photo), La Radio
NB: Open your dictionary for know the Gender (Sex) name of the word.

*). The name of words that ended with “E” usually or majority is Masculine but sometimes is feminine (Open for dictionary to give some vocabulary).
NB: Some feminine words usually ended with “-Ione” although in “-Sione” or “-Zione” because both of them is “-Ione” form.


Esempio: * Masculine : IL Latte (The Milk), IL Pane (The Bread)
* Feminine : La Carne (The Meat), La Notte (Night), La Colazione (Breakfast),
La Televisione (The Television)

*). Name of words that come from foreigner language (English) usually is Masculine.
Esempio: IL Sport, IL Yogurt, IL Computer, IL Bar

B. Numero (Singular and Plural)

NB: - Masculine : 1. When Singular word ended with “O” ----> The Plural is “i”
2. When Singular word ended with “-io” -----> The Plural is “i”
3. When Singular word ended with “-a” ------> The Plural is “-i”
4. When Sngular word ended with “-co” & “-go” -->The Plural is “-chi” &“-ghi”
But when they meet with (Vocal + “-co” & “-go”) --> Plural “-ci” & “-gi”

- Feminine : 1. When Singular word ended with “-a” ----> The Plural is “-e”
2. When Sngular word ended with “-ca” & “-ga” -->The Plural is“-che”& “-ghe”
- Both of Them: 1. When Sngular word ended with “-e” ---> The Plural is “-i”
2. When sngular word ended with:
* (Consonant + “-cia” “-gia”) --> Plural “-ce” “-ge”.
* (Vowel/Vocal + “-cia” “-gia”) --> Plural “-cie” “-gie”
3. When Singular word is foreigner or ended with vocal Accento --> Plural form is
same with the singular (Not Change)

Esempio:
Genere
Singulare
Plurale
Masculine








Feminine




Both Of Them
Pranzo
Orologio
Problema
Parco
amico
Albergo
Biologo

Cena
Amica
Paga


Padre
Arancia
Pioggia
Farmacia
Ciliegia
Allergia
Sport
Yogurt
Citta' (Accento “a”)
Pranzi
Orologi
Problemi
Parchi
Amici
Alberghi
Biologi

Cene
Amiche
Paghe


Padri
Arance
Piogge
Farmacie
Ciliegie
Allergie
Sport
Yogurt
Citta' (Accento “a”)



This Articles has written by Wisnu Hartanto
source: - Grammatica In Contesto – Strutture e temi di Italiano Per Stranieri by Fabia Gatti, Stella Peyronel Loescher
- Another Sources

###Kalau Copy Paste diharapkan untuk mencantumkan Alamat Blog ini dan nama penulis sebagai Rujukan tulisan anda.  jangan lupa pula untuk meninggalkan komentar anda di postigan ini. Terimakasih telah menghargai penulis.
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